University of Minnesota

Panucevich, Vaclau, Papers

Finding Aid

VITRAGE

IHRC Archives

Immigration History Research Center Archives, University of Minnesota

Descriptive summary

Creator: Panucevich, Vaclau
Dates: 1930 - 1990
Abstract: Collection consists of correspondence, Displaced Persons documentation, notebooks, newsletters, newspaper clippings and event memorabilia.
Quantity: 2 linear ft.
Language: Belarusian, English, German
Collection ID: IHRC2035

PROVENANCE

Collection acquired from Irene Panucevich of Chicago, Illinois in 1994. It was processed in 2012 by Ihar Labacevich who also created the finding aid.

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES

Panucevich (Papucevich), Vaclau (Вацлаў Пануцэвіч) (1910 - August 25, 1991)

An editor of the "25 Sakavika" magazine, head of the Belarusian Scout Association in diaspora, vice-president of the Belarusian-American Catholic Association, journalist, publisher, translator, historian, political and cultural activist of the Belarusian diaspora in America. Born in a town of Malaja Olshanka near Grodno. Studied theology in the Catholic seminary. Was expelled from the seminary for his Belarusian nationalist activities. Beginning in 1936, V. Panucevich studied law at the Vilnia Stephan Batory (Polish: Wilno, Lithuanian: Vilnius) University. A member of the Belarusian Christian Democratic Party (BCDP) since 1935. Took part in the activities of the "Academic circle of the friends of Belarusian studies" (1936 - 1939). From 1935, he was a member of the editorial board of the "Student Tribune" (Studenckaja Trybuna), the youth supplement to the "Bielaruskaja Krynica" newspaper. In 1935, he became editor of the "25 Sakavika" magazine (1935-1938). After the split of the BCDP in 1936, he joined the "Belarusian Front" of the Rev. V. Gadleuski. Sentenced to a year in Polish prison for his editorial, "The state independence of Belarus" in the issue 8 "Belarusian Front" published on August 30, 1938. He was drafted into the Polish Army in September 1939, captured by the Soviets and soon released. Afterwards, V. Panucevich worked as a school teacher of Belarusian language and literature in the city of Harodnia (Grodno). As a member of the local chapter of the Belarusian National Committee (Bielaruski nacyjanalny kamitet) taught in Harodnia teachers courses. Between 1941 and 1944 worked for the German civil administration of the city of Baranavichy.

Since 1944, in exile - first in DP camps in Germany, and after 1949 in the United States where he settled in Chicago. He was a head of the Association of Belarusian Scouts in exile, Secretary of the Belarusian-American National Council (1950), Vice-chairman of the Belarusian-American Catholic Association (May 1950). Founded the "Belarusian publishing company" (Bielaruskaja Vydavieckaja Siabryna) in the early 1960s. Published religious and historical journals "Belaruskaja Carkva" ("The Belarusian Church") and "Litva". Translated various Eastern (Byzantine Catholic and Orthodox) and Western (Roman Catholic) liturgical texts into Belarusian. His main works include:

Zamojdz і Litva: Roznyja krainy і narody (Чыкага, 1953—1954),
З гісторыі Беларусі або Крывіччыны-Літвы (Чыкага, 1965),
Крывіцкая этнаграфічная прастора
Зь гісторыі вышэйшых школ у Беларусі. 1. Віленская акадэмія
Пачаткі хрысьціянства на нашых землях
Плян Агінскага 1811 г.
Сьв. Афрасіньня Полацкая (Бібліятэчка БГА, ?)
З гісторыі Беларусі альбо Крывіччыны-Літвы
Вінцэсь Гадлеўскі… (Спадчына, 1993)
Літва і Беларусь
Берасьцейская вунія ("Бібліятэчка БГА, ?)
Сьвяты Язафат Кунцэвіч (Чыкага, 1963; Полацк, Сафія, 2000)
Паўстаньне 1863 на Беларусі
Гарадзеншчына ў нацыянальным руху ў 1918—1919 гадах (Бацькаўшчын 8 - 1960-я; Пагоня, 1994)
Беларуская Аўтакефальная Праваслаўная Царква (Бібліятэчка БГА, ?)

Married to Irena Klara Panucevich (nee Budzka).

 

Budźka Eduard (also spelled Budźka Advardy; Будзька Эдуард)
Teacher, economist, political leader. Eduard Budźka was born in the town of Budsłaŭ (Vialejka district) on March 22, 1882. Budźka entered the Belarusian national movement at an early age and was one of the pioneers in organizing the Belarusian colony in Riga at the turn of the century. He frequently contributed to the newspaper Naša Niva, often visited the editorial offices in Vilna, and was one of the most successful promoters of this newspaper in the countryside. Budźka lived and studied in St. Petersburg where he founded and edited the Belarusian newspaper, Śvietač, in 1916. He maintained close contacts with Belarusians in Miensk and assisted in organizing the Belarusian administration and Belarusian schools in his native region. Eduard Budźka was among the pioneers who convened the Belarusian political conference in Miensk in March of 1917 and the First All-Belarusian Congress in December of the same year. After the December Congress, he became very actively involved in the organization of Belarusian cooperative enterprises and Belarusian schools. Budźka was the secretary of the Commission for the establishment of the Belarusian State University by the Government of the BDR in Miensk, June 1918. He was the initiator in establishing the first Belarusian Teachers' Seminary in the town of Budsłaŭ in 1918. Budźka moved to Latvia from Poland in the early 1920s and was also involved in the organization of the Belarusian school system, and administered the Belarusian Teachers' Courses in Latvia. He returned to Poland and spent the years prior to World War II there.
During World War II Budźka was active in the Belarusian school system and in numerous educational and commercial enterprises. After World War II he emigrated to the United States where he was active from 1950 on in the local Belarusian community. Eduard Budźka died in Chicago August 14, 1958.
During his life he was a very prolific contributor to numerous Belarusian journals and his short reminiscences about the events and the personalities of the Belarusian movement during the first quarter of the century are of especial importance.

Cheslau Budzka (Чэ́слаў Бу́дзька) (June 29,1913, Vilnia – August 15, 1985, Chicago)
Belarusian activist, historian, teacher. Son of Edward Budzka (see below). Read history in the University of Stephan Batiry in Vilnia. Was a member of the Belarusian Student Union. In 1939 – 1941 lived in Vilnia working in publishing. From 1944 emigrated to Germany and worked as a teacher of Bealrusian history, language and literature in the Belarusian M. Bahdanovich gymnasium (Displaced Persons camps). Moved to Chicago in 1951.

References: Źnič, Rome, no. 48, Nov. 1958. pp. 6-7; Biełarus, New York, no. 70, Sept. 30, 1958; Baćkaŭščyna, Munich, no. 430, Nov. 16, 1958.


DESCRIPTION OF THE COLLECTION


ORGANIZATION OF MATERIALS

Collection is divided into 5 series:

Series 1 - Family correspondence and documentation; Series 2 - Cheslaw Budzka historical research and literary works; Series 3 - Historical research notes by Vaclaw Panucevich; Series 4 - Belarusian life in the United States; Series 5 - Religious life in Belarus and the Belarusian Diaspora.


ACCESS RESTRICTIONS

The Panucevich, Vaclau collection is available for public research.

OWNERSHIP & LITERARY RIGHTS

The Panucevich, Vaclau collection is the physical property of the Immigration History Research Center Archives, University of Minnesota.

For further information regarding the copyright, please contact the IHRCA.


CITE AS

The Panucevich, Vaclau Papers, Belarusian American Collection, Immigration History Research Center Archives, University of Minnesota

RELATED COLLECTIONS

Vitaut Kipel Papers (IHRC1210)


Index Terms

Belarusian
Displaced persons
Exile
Cultural heritage
Political activity

Description of Series

This section briefly describes each series in the collection. A more detailed description of the contents of each series may be found in the following section.

SERIES 1. Letters and family documents.

Correspondence of Cheslaw and Edward Budzka, Klara Panucevich, Vaclaw Panucevich, various family documents, birth and marriage certificates.

SERIES 2. Cheslaw Budzka historical research and literary works.

Notes, maps, clippings, photocopies related to Cheslaw Budzka's research on history of Belarus. His literary works.

SERIES 3. Historical research notes by Vaclaw Panucevich.

Notes, maps, clippings, photocopies related to Vaclaw Panucevich's research on history of Belarus.

SERIES 4. Belarusian life in the United States.

Correspondence and newsletters related to the Belarusian-American community, various postcards and photos, European Belarusian nespaper "Za Voliu."

SERIES 5. Religious life in Belarus and the Belarusian Diaspora.

Materials related to the history of the Belarusian religious life, liturgical translations, various corespondence.


Detailed Description of the Collection

SERIES 1. Letters and family documents.

Correspondence of Cheslaw and Edward Budzka, Klara Panucevich, Vaclaw Panucevich, various family documents, birth and marriage certificates.
BOX 1.
FOLDER 1. Letters of Cheslaw and Edward Budzka, Klara and Vaclaw Panucevich. 1946 - 1950
Family letters of Cheslaw and Edward Budzka, Klara and Vaclaw Panucevich.
FOLDER 2. Letters. 1954 - 1990
Various correspondence between N. Zhyzniewski, Dr John Stankievich, M. Pashkevich, Cheslaw Najdziuk, V. Mahnach and Budzka family memebers.
FOLDER 3. Budzka family documents. 1920-1960
Displaced Persons documents (IDs, medical records), US Social security documents, Pre-World War II banking and insurance documents from Budzka family's hometown of Budslau in Western Belarus (part of Polish state between 1921 and 1939), church birth and marriage certificates.
FOLDER 4. Cheslaw Budzka's correspondence related to his Belarusian diaspora and academic activities. Various documents. 1950 - 1990
Correspondence with Alexandra, Zora and Vitaut Kipel, Fr Alexander Nadson, the direcor of the Belarusian Francis Skaryna Library and Museum in London, UK.


SERIES 2. Cheslaw Budzka historical research and literary works.

Notes, maps, clippings, photocopies related to Cheslaw Budzka's research on history of Belarus. His literary works.
BOX 1.
FOLDER 5. Press in Soviet Belarus.
Cheslaw Budzka's report on the local press in Soviet Belarus. Paper clippings, notes.
FOLDER 6. Correspondence with Dr Jan Zaprudnik.
Letters and works by Dr Jan Zaprudnik: "Napoleon and Polish Question", Russians and American Civil war", American-Russian and American-Soviet relations, Western Influendce upon Russian in the 17th Century, etc.
BOX 2.
FOLDER 1. Maps.
Maps of Belarus, Germany, Scandinavia and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
FOLDER 2. Origin of the name "Belarus."
Cheslw Budzka's notes about origin of the name "Belarus". W. Ostrowski's leaflet about the proper usage of the name "Belarus" by the Western media (published in london, UK).
FOLDER 3. Miscellanious newspaper clippings and photocopies related to the history of Belarus.
Miscellanious newspaper clippings and photocopies related to the history of Belarus.
FOLDER 4. Notes and copies related to the history of Belarus.
Handwritten notes and transcriptions of the medieval chronicles and other documents related to the history of Belarus.
FOLDER 5. Notes and articles.
Notes and articles related to the 1863 uprising of K. Kalinowski and the history of Belarus.
FOLDER 6. Novel manuscript.
A manuscript of a novel (presumably by Cheslaw Budzka).
FOLDER 7. History and medicine article.
Manuscript of an article "History and Medicine."
FOLDER 8. Cheslaw Budzka's works.
1942 article "Towards the history of ethnic consciousness", manuscript "Darohas na Parnas" (A road to Parnassis), notes on the Belarusian Literature.
FOLDER 9. Khvedar Ilyashevich.
Articles and paper clippings related to the life and work of Khvedar Ilyashevich.
FOLDER 10. Article about Frantsishak Bahushevich by H. Kisialow.
"Himnazychnyya I studentskiya hady F. Bahushevicha" by Henadz Kisialow.
FOLDER 11. "Pjata."
"Pjata" - Historical novel by F. Bernatovich: text and notes by Cheslaw Budzka.
BOX 3.
FOLDER 1. Historical notes 1940 - 1980
Four notebooks containing quotes from Polish, German and Russian history books and various notes by Cheslaw Budzka.


SERIES 3. Historical research notes by Vaclaw Panucevich.

Notes, maps, clippings, photocopies related to Vaclaw Panucevich's research on history of Belarus.
BOX 3.
FOLDER 2. Notes on the Horodziel Privilege (Haradzielski Pryvilej). 1950 - 1990
Type-written notes and quotes related to the 1413 Haradziel Privilege (an agreement between Polish and Lithuanian nobility).
FOLDER 3. Historical notes. 1950 - 1990
Vaclaw Panucevich's handwritten notes on the history of Belarus, newspaper articles.
FOLDER 4. Notes on the history of Belarus and articles manuscripts. 1950 - 1990
Vaclaw Panucevich's handwritten notes on the history of Belarus, manuscript of his article "On the names of the contemporary Belarus."
FOLDER 5. Notebooks.
Vaclaw Panucevich's notebook and his handwritten reproduction of a 1936 book on Belarusian history.


SERIES 4. Belarusian life in the United States.

Correspondence and newsletters related to the Belarusian-American community, various postcards and photos, European Belarusian nespaper "Za Voliu."
BOX 4.
FOLDER 1. Belarusians in Chicago. 1985 - 1987
Correspondence, anniversary programmes, articles related to the life of the Belarusian community in Chicago.
FOLDER 2. Correspondence with the newspaper "Belarus." 1968 - 1980
Cheslaw Budzka and Waclaw Panucevich's correspondence with the newspaper "Belarus."
FOLDER 3. "Vestki I Paviedamlenni" newsletter.
Selection of 1991 -1993 issues of the New York Belarusian Newsletter "Vestki I Paviedamlenni."
FOLDER 4. Postcards and photographs. 1960 -1980
Various postcards and photographs related to Budzka and Panucevich's family involvment in the Belarusian life in America.
FOLDER 5. Newspaper "Za Voliu." 1940 -1950
Several issues of the European Belarusian newspaper "Za Voliu."


SERIES 5. Religious life in Belarus and the Belarusian Diaspora.

Materials related to the history of the Belarusian religious life, liturgical translations, various corespondence.
BOX 4.
FOLDER 6. Christ rthe Redeemer Belarusian Greek-Catholic (Byzantine Catholic) parish in Chicago, IL. 1955 - 2003
Music notations for the church services, parish newsletters, articles, commemorative cards.
FOLDER 7. Liturgical translations of Vaclaw Panucevich.
Byzantine (Orthodox and Catholic) liturgical texts: 8 Sunday Prokeimenons, manuscript of the Vesperal service, changeable parts for the Divine Liturgy. Roman Catholic Mass in Belarusian.
FOLDER 8. Fr. Jazep Athanasius Reszec O.S.B. 1940 - 1958
Letters of Fr. Jazep (Athanasius) Reszec O.S.B to Cheslaw Budzka, Jan Zmahar. Postcards, newsletters, articles.
FOLDER 9. Religion in Belarus.
Clippings, notes related to the religious life in Belarus.

 


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