University of Minnesota

 

Marks, Edward B., Papers

Finding Aid

VITRAGE

IHRC

Immigration History Research Center, College of Liberal Arts, University of Minnesota

Descriptive summary

Dates: 1941-2002
Abstract:

Edward B. Marks was born in New York 1911, he was one of three siblings growing up in Manhattan. Marks was an American refugee worker, he also worked as an official with the U.S. War Relocation Authority, the International Refugee Organization, and the International Organization for Migration, as well as the U.S. Committee for Refugees, the U.S. Agency for International Development, and UNICEF. Marks understood the refugee was a constant in our times and strived in bringing together a world vision and long term approaches. He worked towards the United States in particular continuing to demonstrate the revered tradition of asylum as a meaningful beacon of hope for world's homeless. He celebrated the contribution of asylum. He believed that refugee issues are inextricably bound not only to human rights but to many of the political dilemas with which we are globally confronted with.

The Edward B. Marks collection consists of both personal papers and organisational records and include correspondence, minutes; reports; publications; curricular materials; speeches; newspaper clippings; published and un-published writings The collection records Marks activities within organisations, which were interested in all aspects of immigration and resettlement, including educational services, ethnic presses, social services, and immigration legislation.

"We must always take sides. Neutrality helps the oppressor, never the victim. Silence encourages the tormentor, never the tormented." Edward B. Marks

Quantity: 10 linear ft.
Language: English
Collection ID: IHRC1479

PROVENANCE

Collection acquired from Edward Marks in 2000-2003. It was processed by Ego Ahaiwe during her archival internship at the IHRC in April-May 2012, working with IHRC Research Archivist Daniel Necas.

HISTORICAL SKETCH

Edward B. Marks was born in New York 22 April 1911, a native of Manhattan. He was born to Edward and Miriam Marks, and was the youngest of three siblings, his sister Phyllis the eldest and brother Herbert. Marks in his memoirs describes his parents as compassionate, his mother was an art lover, and his father highly ethical. His father was a songwriter and publisher of both popular and classical music, in collaboration with a friend they owned the firm Joseph W. Stern and Co. Marks graduated from Dartmouth College in 1932 and completed his Masters in Sociology at Columbia in 1938.

Marks began as a journalist writing for the American Wine and Liquor Journal and then worked for the Welfare Council of New York City editing a magazine. He was offered a job at the National Refugee Service after interviewing the then Director on the plight of post war refugees, he worked with this organisation until 1942. This is where he began his lifetime commitment to the refugees a career that spanned for over 50 years. Marks helped to resettle and rehabilitate refugees from conflict of war, all over the world. He worked with government and nongovernmental agencies in postwar Europe, war-torn Africa and troubled Asian countries. He understood the greatest danger facing the worlds refugees was not the threat or continuation of war, but the indifference of the free world.

In 1942 he joined the War Relocation Authority, ressettling Japenese Americans during World War II. He continued once the war had ended to work with housing veterans. Following this period he joined the U.N. International Refugee Organisation. From 1950, Marks was stationed in Athens, Greece working for the International Organization for Immigration. Once there he was faced with refugees from Albania, Romania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia in search for asylum. Edward B. Marks used his journalistic and administrative skills and began to develop strategic ways of assessing and preparing refugees for immigration. In 1953, Marks returned to the United States to open a New York branch of International Organization for Immigration, in preparation of over 100,000 European refugees arriving in the United Sates under the Refugee Relief Act. In 1957, Mr. Marks was sent to Yugoslavia to help resettle more than 20,000 Hungarian refugees after a period of dissent against Soviet rule. In 1958 Marks became the first executive director of the U.S. Committee for Refugees, the organisation was established to coordinate the efforts of U.S. agencies on behalf of refugees during the U.N. World Refugee Year he held this post until 1962. In 1962 Marks served in Lagos, Nigeria, during the nation's civil war with Biafra, Marks joined the Agency for International Development's Africa bureau. He later worked in Saigon and London and in the agency's Asia bureau, which required him to leave his Leesburg home to travel to India, Indonesia, Thailand, South Korea, the Philippines and Bangladesh.

In 1976, Marks received the agency's first Distinguished Career Award for his work. While deputy director of the secretariat for UNICEF, Edward B. Marks was the principal organizer for the 1979 United Nations International Year of the Child, which was led by the United Nations Children's Fund. In 1985 Marks went on to hold the position of interim president of the United States Committee for Unicef, and was later elected on to committees board of directors In 2002 he received the Granger Award, from Dartmouth College, acknowledging him as a graduate whose commitment to public service illustrates leadership and innovation. Marks wrote many articles and published two books, ''For a Better World: Posters from the United Nations'' (2003) and his memoir, ''Still Counting: Achievements and Follies of a Nonagenarian,'' published in 2005. Marks first wife Margaret Laurens died in 1980 and his son Thomas Marks in 2003. Marks lived with his wife of 18 years Vera Barad Marks in Mill Valley, California until his death in 2005. He had three other children a daughter from his first marriage Katharine Mark, a second stepdaughter, a stepson, Michael Barad and eight grandsons.


DESCRIPTION OF THE COLLECTION


ACCESS RESTRICTIONS

The Marks, Edward B. collection is available for public research.

OWNERSHIP & LITERARY RIGHTS

The Marks, Edward B. collection is the physical property of the Immigration History Research Center, University of Minnesota.

For further information regarding the copyright, please contact the IHRC.


CITE AS

The Marks, Edward B. Papers, General/Multiethnic Collection, Immigration History Research Center, University of Minnesota.

Index Terms

Refugees
Human rights
Resettlement

Description of Series

This section briefly describes each series in the collection. A more detailed description of the contents of each series may be found in the following section.

SERIES 1. Government and policy

SERIES 2. Organisations

SERIES 3. Personal Material

SERIES 4. Refugee Reports and Papers

SERIES 5. Educational Material

SERIES 6. News and Press Materials

SERIES 7. Audio Visual and Books



Detailed Description of the Collection

SERIES 1. Government and policy

BOX 1. 1941 - 1979
FOLDER 1. Employment and Training
National Refugee Service
FOLDER 2. Doctors shortage USA 1960
FOLDER 3. Hearings 1961
FOLDER 4. Cuban Refugees 1960 - 1963
FOLDER 5. Cuban Refugees 1960 - 1963
FOLDER 6. Asylum 1961 - 1979
BOX 2.
FOLDER 1. Refugee Act 1980 - 1981
FOLDER 2. Publications 1980 - 1981
FOLDER 3. Refugee Policy Group 1983 - 1989
FOLDER 4. National Immigration Refugee and Citizenship Forum 1982 - 1988
FOLDER 5. Asylum 1982 -1994
FOLDER 6. Legislation Report 1983
FOLDER 7. Judiciary Committee Reports 1981 - 1984
BOX 3.
FOLDER 1. Reports to Congress 1985
FOLDER 2. Refugee Reception Report 1985 - 1987
FOLDER 3. Legalization 1986
FOLDER 4. Report to Congress 1986
FOLDER 5. Political Development 1983 - 1988
FOLDER 6. Correspondence 1990 - 1999
BOX 4.
FOLDER 1. Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration 1964 - 1968
FOLDER 2. National Refugee Service 1939 - 1956
FOLDER 3. Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration Reviews 1958 - 1985
FOLDER 4. Immigration and Naturalisation Service 1994 - 1996


SERIES 2. Organisations

SUBSERIES 1. Non Govermental Organisations Europe
BOX 5.
FOLDER 1. British Refugee Information 1983 - 1985
FOLDER 2. British Refugee Information 1985 - 1988
FOLDER 3. German Refugee Information 1982
FOLDER 4. Netherlands Refugee Information 1981 - 1983
FOLDER 5. Netherlands Refugee Information 1983
FOLDER 6. Netherlands Refugee Information 1982 - 1985
FOLDER 7. Edward B. Marks Reports on Europe 1981 - 1982
SUBSERIES 2. United Nations High Commission of Refugees
BOX 6.
FOLDER 1. Correspondence 1962 - 1964
FOLDER 2. Reports 1979 - 1988
FOLDER 3. Reports and Publications 1981 - 2003
FOLDER 4. UNICEF Correspondence 1980 - 2001
BOX 7.
FOLDER 1. United Nations Africa 1958 - 1984
FOLDER 2. United Nations Africa Emergency 1981 - 1984
FOLDER 3. Africa Emergency Refugee Policy Group Correspondence 1983 - 1985
FOLDER 4. Africa Emergency Conference Report 1984
FOLDER 5. United Nations Africa Newsletters 1981 - 1985
FOLDER 6. United Nations Report on Bahai 1981
BOX 8.
FOLDER 1. UNHCR News Publication 1979 - 1981
FOLDER 2. UNHCR Refugees Publication 1981 -1982
FOLDER 3. UNHCR Refugees Publication 1983
FOLDER 4. UNHCR Reports 1984 - 1986
FOLDER 5. Statements 1983 - 1984
FOLDER 6. UNHCR Correspondence Nobel Prize and Nansen Medal 1981 - 1985
FOLDER 7. UNHCR Information and Correspondence 1983 - 1985
BOX 9.
FOLDER 1. UNHCR Reports 1986 - 1989
FOLDER 2. UNHCR Directory of NGOs 1987
FOLDER 3. UNHCR Magnus Opus of Refugee Case 1998
SUBSERIES 3. United States Committee for Refugees
BOX 10.
FOLDER 1. USCR News All Star Festival 1963
FOLDER 2. USCR Papers and Proposals 1976 - 1987
FOLDER 3. USCR Newsletter 1962 - 1994
FOLDER 4. USCR The American Freedom From Hunger Foundation 1976 - 1978
FOLDER 5. USCR Press Articles 1986 - 1988
FOLDER 6. USCR Press 1976 - 2001
FOLDER 7. USCR Reprint Newsletter 1987 - 1998
FOLDER 8. USCR Refugee Reports Publication 1982 - 1988
FOLDER 9. USCR Haiti Reports 1976 - 1992
FOLDER 10. USCR Sudan 1998 - 2000
BOX 11.
FOLDER 1. USCR Organisational Information Merge with ACNS 1959 - 1978
FOLDER 2. USCR Correspondence 1974 - 1993
FOLDER 3. USCR Correspondence 1978 - 1992
FOLDER 4. USCR Government and Policy 1981 - 1984
FOLDER 5. USCR Testimonies 1983 - 1990
FOLDER 6. Roger P. Winter Articles 1984 -1992
FOLDER 7. USCR Publications 1982 - 1988
FOLDER 8. USCR Reports 1984 - 1994
SUBSERIES 4. International Social Services
BOX 12.
FOLDER 1. International Social Services News 1985 - 1990
FOLDER 2. International Social Services The Unaccompanied Minor Global View Report 1982
FOLDER 3. International Social Services Proposal Unaccompanied Minors in Detention 1984
FOLDER 4. International Social Services Report 1984
FOLDER 5. International Social Services Unaccompanied Minor Refugees Seminar Documentation 1984
FOLDER 6. International Social Services Sixty Year Report 1984
FOLDER 7. Refugee Policy Group Minors in Immigration Report 1987
FOLDER 8. International Social Services Report 1989
FOLDER 9. International Social Services Children and Migration Report 1990
SUBSERIES 5. Non Governmental Organisations
BOX 13.
FOLDER 1. International Council of Voluntary Agenciesc 1971 - 1987
FOLDER 2. Immigration Organisation for Migration Publication and Newsletter 1990 - 2000
FOLDER 3. National Refugee Service 1940 - 1946
SUBSERIES 6. Immigration and Refugee Service of America
BOX 14.
FOLDER 1. Constitution Certificate of Registration 1993 - 1997
FOLDER 2. IRSA Reports 1995
FOLDER 3. IRSA Board Minutes and Correspondence 1995 - 1999
FOLDER 4. IRSA Annual Reports 1996 - 1997
FOLDER 5. IRSA Newsletter 1987
FOLDER 6. IRSA Board Assessment Questionnaire and Summary 1995
FOLDER 7. IRSA Boards Advisory Partners 1995 - 1997
FOLDER 8. IRSA Board Updates 1998 - 200
FOLDER 9. IRSA Newsletter 1994 - 1997
FOLDER 10. IRSA Strategic Plans 1995 - 2001
FOLDER 11. IRSA Training Refugee Women Programs 1998
SUBSERIES 7. The American Council for Nationalities Service
BOX 15.
FOLDER 1. ACNS Proposals 1986 - 1988
FOLDER 2. ACNS Papers and Findings 1982 - 1984
FOLDER 3. ACNS Membership Information 1989 - n.d.
FOLDER 4. ACNS Publications 1961 - n.d.
FOLDER 5. ACNS Handbooks 1968 - 1988
BOX 16.
FOLDER 1. ACNS Newsletter 1962 - 1963
FOLDER 2. ACNS Newsletter 1982 - 1992
FOLDER 3. ACNS Correspondence 1981 - 1983
FOLDER 4. ACNS Government and Policy 1983 - 1985
FOLDER 5. ACNS Board Minutes and Agendas 1984 - 1993
FOLDER 6. ACNS Annual Reports 1981 - 1991
FOLDER 7. ACNS Executive Directors Report 1988 - 1992
FOLDER 8. ACNS Correspondence including letter to Reagon 1985 - 1986
FOLDER 9. ACNS Correspondence 1987
FOLDER 10. ACNS Correspondence 1988
FOLDER 11. ACNS Correspondence 1989
FOLDER 12. ACNS Correspondence 1990
FOLDER 13. ACNS Correspondence 1991 - 1993


SERIES 3. Personal Material

BOX 17.
FOLDER 1. Edward B. Marks Events and Invites 1960 - 1999
FOLDER 2. Edward B. Marks Correspondence 1981 - 1992
FOLDER 3. Edward B. Marks Correspondence 1975 - 1988 n.d.
FOLDER 4. Edward B. Marks Notes and Writings 1983 - 1987
FOLDER 5. Edward B. Marks Articles 1986 - 1993
FOLDER 6. Edward B. MarksWritings on Refugees 1979 - 1982
FOLDER 7. Edward B. Marks Writings on Refugees 1996 - n.d.
FOLDER 8. Edward B. Marks Miscellaneous 1966 - 1983 n.d.


SERIES 4. Refugee Reports and Papers

BOX 18.
FOLDER 1. Reports and Papers on Refugees 1977 - 1979
FOLDER 2. Reports and Papers on Refugees 1986 -1987
FOLDER 3. Reports and Updates on Refugees 1993 - 1999
FOLDER 4. Report on Mental Health 1988
FOLDER 5. Reports and Papers on Refugees 1980 - 1984
FOLDER 6. Writings on Refugees n.d.
FOLDER 7. Publication The String Bracelet 1988
FOLDER 8. Publications Kathleen Newland 1981 - 1995
FOLDER 9. Publications Conference Reports 1957 - 1961


SERIES 5. Educational Material

BOX 19.
FOLDER 1. Education and Supplementary Booklets 1980 - 1982
FOLDER 2. Education Seminar Papers 1981
FOLDER 3. Education Training Programs and Proposals 1986 - 1987
FOLDER 4. Education Seminar Papers 1994
FOLDER 5. Education University Publications 1977 - 1999


SERIES 6. News and Press Materials

BOX 20.
FOLDER 1. NGO Newsletters and Bulletins 1944 - 2000
FOLDER 2. Situation Zero and Press 1979 - 1989
FOLDER 3. Pamphlets on Refugee Organisations n.d.
FOLDER 4. Publications and Organisation Material 1984 - 2000
FOLDER 5. Publications and Organisation Material 1981 - 1997
FOLDER 6. American Immigration and Citizenship Newsletter 1977 - 1982
FOLDER 7. American Friends Service Committee Bulletin, Civil Liberities, A Shift in the Wind 1981 - 1985
FOLDER 8. Amnesty Action and Matchbox Newsletter 1981 - 1987
FOLDER 9. Publication Displaced Person Centre 1982
FOLDER 10. Publication Carecen 1988
FOLDER 11. Publication Migration News 1958 - 1961
BOX 21.
FOLDER 1. Articles 1955 - 1979
FOLDER 2. Articles January to May 1979
FOLDER 3. Articles June 1979
FOLDER 4. Articles July 1979
FOLDER 5. Articles August 1979
FOLDER 6. Articles September to November 1979
FOLDER 7. Articles n.d. 1979
FOLDER 8. Articles January to March 1980
FOLDER 9. Articles April to December 1980
FOLDER 10. Articles 1981
BOX 22.
FOLDER 1. Articles January to October 1982
FOLDER 2. Articles November to December 1982
FOLDER 3. Articles n.d. 1982
FOLDER 4. Articles January to June 1983
FOLDER 5. Articles July to December 1983
FOLDER 6. Articles January to June 1984
FOLDER 7. Articles July to December 1984
FOLDER 8. Articles n.d. 1984
FOLDER 9. ICARA Publication 1984
FOLDER 10. Articles n.d. 1985
BOX 23.
FOLDER 1. Articles February to August 1986
FOLDER 2. Articles September to December 1986
FOLDER 3. Articles n.d. 1986
FOLDER 4. Articles January to June 1987
FOLDER 5. Articles July to December 1987
FOLDER 6. Articles n.d. 1987
FOLDER 7. Articles January to June 1988
FOLDER 8. Articles July to December 1988
FOLDER 9. Articles n.d. 1988
BOX 24.
FOLDER 1. Articles January 1989
FOLDER 2. Articles February to March 1989
FOLDER 3. Articles April to May 1989
FOLDER 4. Articles June 1989
FOLDER 5. Articles July to September including Edward B. Marks 1989
FOLDER 6. Articles October to December 1989
FOLDER 7. Articles n.d. 1989
FOLDER 8. Articles January to June 1990
FOLDER 9. Articles July 1990
FOLDER 10. Articles August to December 1990
FOLDER 11. Articles n.d. 1990
FOLDER 12. Articles January to June 1991
FOLDER 13. Articles December 1991
FOLDER 14. Articles July to November 1991
FOLDER 15. Articles n.d. 1991
BOX 25.
FOLDER 1. Articles January to May 1992
FOLDER 2. Articles June to September 1992
FOLDER 3. Articles October to December 1992
FOLDER 4. Articles n.d. 1992
FOLDER 5. Articles January to March 1993
FOLDER 6. Articles July to December 1993
FOLDER 7. Articles n.d. 1993
FOLDER 8. Articles February to July 1994
FOLDER 9. Articles September to December 1994
FOLDER 10. Articles n.d. 1994
FOLDER 11. Articles May to June 1995
FOLDER 12. Articles July to December 1995
FOLDER 13. Articles n.d. 1995
FOLDER 14. Articles 1996
FOLDER 15. Articles 1997
FOLDER 16. Articles 1998
FOLDER 17. Articles 1999
FOLDER 18. Articles 2000 - 2002
FOLDER 19. Articles 1979 - 2000
BOX 26.
FOLDER 1. Articles Europe 1982 - 1986
FOLDER 2. Articles Legalisation 1986
FOLDER 3. Articles Haiti 1989 - 1992
FOLDER 4. Articles Haiti 1991 -1992
FOLDER 5. Haiti Correspondence Edward B. Marks Writings 1981 - 1994
FOLDER 6. Publication Bottom Up Development in Haiti Robert Macquire 1981
FOLDER 7. Articles East Africa 1980 - 1986
FOLDER 8. Articles East Africa 1984 - 1987
FOLDER 9. American Friends Service Committee East Africa Publication 1982
FOLDER 10. Articles and Correspondence West Africa 1983 - 1984
FOLDER 11. Articles Southern Africa 1964 - 1985
FOLDER 12. Articles Vietnam 1979 - 1986
FOLDER 13. Articles Laos 1985 - 1986
FOLDER 14. Articles Middle East 1984 - 1986
FOLDER 15. Articles Cambodia 1979 - 1985
FOLDER 16. Cambodia 1980
BOX 27.
FOLDER 1. Articles El Salvador 1981 - 1982
FOLDER 2. Articles El Salvador 1984
FOLDER 3. Articles Latin and Central America 1981 - 1986
FOLDER 4. Articles Jewish 1979 - 1986
FOLDER 5. Jewish Publications and Correspondence 1977 - 1981
FOLDER 6. Articles Palenstine 1977 - 1987
FOLDER 7. Articles South East Asia 1982 - 1985
FOLDER 8. Articles Germany 1983 - 1986
FOLDER 9. Publication Refugees 1985


SERIES 7. Audio Visual and Books

BOX 28. Oversize Box

Video Cassettes: 1. U.S. Committee for Refugees - In the Field with the USCR 2. " I saw the Swede" Written by: Nicholas Wenckheim 3. Bosnia Open (1993) North County Media Group 4. Save the Children "From Tragedy To Triumph STC Malawi" (1997) 5. U.S. Committee for Refugees "Speaking Out Displaced Colombians Silent No More"

Books: 1. Disaster Assistance Appraisal, Reform and New Approaches Stephens and Green (1979) 2. Harvard Human Rights Journal (1991) with letter addressed to Marks inside 3. The Refugee Connection A Lifetime of Running a Lifeline James L. Carlin (1989) a signed copy 4. Le Role des Migrations dans le Monde Libre Paul A. Ladame (1958) with letter from author dated 1960 inside 5. The Saving Remnant An account of Jewish Survival Herbert Agar 6. Intercountry Adoption of Refugee Children: Korean, Vietnamese, Laotian, and Kampuchean Refugee Children placed for adoption in the United States since 1960 Jennifer R. Benson Barrett (1989) signed by author to Marks 7. Children of Vietnam Betty Jean Lifton and Thomas C. Fox (1974) signed to Marks by Betty Jean Lifton 8. A Mandate to Protect and Assist Refugees United States High Commisioner for Refugees (1971) 9. The Displaced Person and the Social Agency David Crystal (1958) Edward B. Marks handwritten note inside 10. America America Elia Kazan (1962) signed by author 11. New Immigrants Portraits in Passage Thomas Bentz (1981) signed with note by author 12. Live Aid World-Wide Concert Book Peter Hillmore (1985)

 


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