University of Minnesota

Caks, Raimunds, Papers

Finding Aid

VITRAGE

IHRC

Immigration History Research Center, College of Liberal Arts, University of Minnesota

Descriptive summary

Creator: Caks, Raimunds
Dates: 1951-1980
Abstract: Collection consists of correspondence, bulletins, announcements, invitations, and reports. Though Caks is noted for his activity with Latvian scouting and journalism, this collection contains primarily documentation of his involvement with the Daugavas Vanagi (Latvian Welfare Association).
Quantity: 2 lin.ft.
Language: English, Latvian
Collection ID: IHRC391

PROVENANCE

Collection donated to the IHRC by Raimunds Caks in 1981. It was processed by Astra Apsitis who also compiled an inventory to the collection that was published by the IHRC in 1994. The publication was made possible by a generous grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Division of Preservation and Access. In 2005, the inventory was included in the IHRC Collections Database, prepared for encoding and made available on the IHRC website by DaN.

HISTORICAL SKETCH

Raimunds Caks was born in Latvia’s Saikava region in 1915, later moving to Riga where he served, among other activities, as the Latvian Scouting headquarters’ secretary. Caks left Latvia during World War II and lived in displaced persons camps in the French Zone of Occupied Germany. While in Germany, he continued his involvement in scouting as the Baltic Scouting representative for the French Zone and editor of the publication Trimda (Exile) Caks immigrated to the United States and settled in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where he remained actively involved in Latvian scouting and journalism. He wrote many articles about scouting and scouting activities for Latvian publications. Caks was the editor of Daugavas Vanagu Menesraksts (a monthly publication of the national Latvian Social Welfare group, Daugavas Vanagi) from 1964-1974, and again after 1977. Caks also wrote articles and editorials as a correspondent for the Latvian newspaper Laiks.


DESCRIPTION OF THE COLLECTION

The Raimunds Caks collection is comprised of personal papers that reflect his participation in a number of Latvian civic and cultural activities and organizations since settling in the United States after World War II. The folders include correspondence, bulletins, announcements, invitations, and reports. Though Caks is noted for his activity with Latvian scouting and journalism, this collection contains primarily documentation of his involvement with the Daugavas Vanagi, thus providing insight to the organization’s activities throughout the United States and internationally.


ORGANIZATION OF MATERIALS

Series I – Daugavas Vanagi Subseries 1: Daugavas Vanagi – Centrala Valde (Central Board) Subseries 2: Daugavas Vanagi – ASV Valde (U.S. Board) Subseries 3: Daugavas Vanagi – ASV (United States) Subseries 4: Daugavas Vanagi Internationally Subseries 5: Daugavas Vanagi Reports and Publications Series II – Latvian Cultural Organizations and Activities Subseries 1: General Subseries 2: Milwaukee Subseries 3: Programs and Invitations Series III – Political Organizations and Activities Series IV – Oversize Materials


ACCESS RESTRICTIONS

The Caks, Raimunds collection is available for public research.

OWNERSHIP & LITERARY RIGHTS

The Caks, Raimunds collection is the physical property of the Immigration History Research Center, University of Minnesota.

For further information regarding the copyright, please contact the IHRC.


CITE AS

The Caks, Raimunds Papers, Latvian American Collection, Immigration History Research Center, University of Minnesota

RELATED COLLECTIONS

Records of Daugavas Vanagi


Index Terms

Latvian
Displaced persons
Fraternal organizations
Social life and customs
Refugees
Caks, Raimunds

Description of Series

This section briefly describes each series in the collection. A more detailed description of the contents of each series may be found in the following section.

SERIES 1. Daugavas Vanagi (Latvian Welfare Association)

This series is a collection of reports, minutes, and correspondence from Caks involvement with both the local and national branches of the Latvian Social Welfare organization, Daugavas Vanagi (literally, Hawks of the River Daugava).

SERIES 2. Latvian Cultural Organizations and Activities

The information on this series reflects Caks active involvement in both his local Wisconsin Latvian community and in national Latvian organizations and activities. Subseries 1 is a general grouping of records having to do with national Latvian camps, celebrations, organizations and publications. The records include correspondence and promotional brochures for events such as the Latvian young adult cultural seminar “2x2”, Latvian song festivals, and Latvian youth festivals. Also in the arrangement are news clippings and pamphlets having to do with Latvia and Latvians in exile. Subseries 2 is a record of Caks’ involvement with his local Milwaukee Latvian community. Caks was especially involved with the Latvian school and sports group Auseklis, and these activities are detailed in meeting minutes and correspondence. Subseries 3 is comprised of church events, invitations and programs for concerts, art exhibitions, and theatre performances.

SERIES 3. Political activities

The records in this series reflect, through correspondence and organization materials, Caks political activism, most of which took place in the mid to late 1960’s and primarily centered around the liberation of the Baltic States. The groups with which he was most involved were BATUN (Baltic Appeal to the United Nations) and the Assembly of Captive European Nations. Also in this series are pamphlets and brochures that protest communism and warn of its effects.

SERIES 4. Miscellany

This series consists primarily of newspaper clippings about Latvian activities and political issues.

SERIES 5. Oversize materials

These are posters advertising a 1977 scouting camp in New York, the 1966 Latvian “Dziesmu Dienas” (Song Days) at Garezers in Michigan, and a Latvian Cultural Festival in Milwaukee.


Detailed Description of the Collection

DESCRIPTION OF THE SUBSERIESDESCRIPTION OF THE SUBSERIESDESCRIPTION OF THE SUBSERIESDESCRIPTION OF THE SUBSERIESDESCRIPTION OF THE SUBSERIES

SERIES 1. Daugavas Vanagi (Latvian Welfare Association)

This series is a collection of reports, minutes, and correspondence from Caks involvement with both the local and national branches of the Latvian Social Welfare organization, Daugavas Vanagi (literally, Hawks of the River Daugava).
SUBSERIES 1. Daugavas Vanagi – Centrala Valde (Central Board)
Subseries 1-2 consists primarily of distributed minutes and reports of the international and U.S. DV central councils, respectively.
BOX 1.
FOLDER 1. General, 1965-1970
FOLDER 2. General, 1971-1979
FOLDER 3. Sezu Protokoli, 1965-1980
FOLDER 4. Prezidijs - Apkartraksti, 1965-1969
FOLDER 5. Generalsekretariats - Apkartraksti, 1970-1980
FOLDER 6. Miscellaneous
SUBSERIES 2. Daugavas Vanagi – ASV Valde (U.S. Board)
Subseries 1-2 consists primarily of distributed minutes and reports of the international and U.S. DV central councils, respectively.
BOX 1.
FOLDER 7. General
FOLDER 8. Sezu Protokoli, 1973-1980
BOX 2.
FOLDER 1. Gadskartejo Delegatu Sapucu Protokoli, 1968-1978
FOLDER 2. Aprupes Nozare, 1956-1967
FOLDER 3. Finansu Nozare, 1965-1977
FOLDER 4. Sporta Nozare, 1965-1980
SUBSERIES 3. Daugavas Vanagi – ASV (United States)
A selection of correspondence and reports primarily from Caks affiliation with the local Milwaukee DV, but includes materials from a number of other U.S. cities as well.
BOX 2.
FOLDER 5. Boston, 1975-1980
FOLDER 6. Northern California, 1971
FOLDER 7. Southern California, 1977-1980
FOLDER 8. Cleveland, 1979-1980
FOLDER 9. Milwaukee, 1951-1980
FOLDER 10. Milwaukee, 1956-1969
Financial Statements
FOLDER 11. New York, 1962-1980
FOLDER 12. Pacific Northwest, 1965-1970
FOLDER 13. Other U.S. Cities n.d.
SUBSERIES 4. Daugavas Vanagi Internationally
Subseries 4 provides information regarding DV issues and activities outside the United States (most detail focusing on activities in Germany).
BOX 2.
FOLDER 14. Germany, n.d.
Rietumvacijas Valde
FOLDER 15. Germany, 1965-1967
Rietumvacijas Valdes Protokoli
BOX 3.
FOLDER 1. Germany, 1967-1975
Mezotnes Nodala (Kaiserslautern)
FOLDER 2. Germany, 1979
Minsteres Nodala (Munster)
FOLDER 3. Germany, 1971-1973
Monchengladbachas Nodala
FOLDER 4. Australia, 1967-1974
FOLDER 5. Canada, 1960-1980
FOLDER 6. London, 1967-1969
SUBSERIES 5. Daugavas Vanagi Reports and Publications
Subseries 5 has examples of DV publications.
BOX 3.
FOLDER 7. DV Report, n.d.
English
FOLDER 8. Musu Balss, 1966-1967


DESCRIPTION OF THE SUBSERIESDESCRIPTION OF THE SUBSERIESDESCRIPTION OF THE SUBSERIES

SERIES 2. Latvian Cultural Organizations and Activities

The information on this series reflects Caks active involvement in both his local Wisconsin Latvian community and in national Latvian organizations and activities. Subseries 1 is a general grouping of records having to do with national Latvian camps, celebrations, organizations and publications. The records include correspondence and promotional brochures for events such as the Latvian young adult cultural seminar “2x2”, Latvian song festivals, and Latvian youth festivals. Also in the arrangement are news clippings and pamphlets having to do with Latvia and Latvians in exile. Subseries 2 is a record of Caks’ involvement with his local Milwaukee Latvian community. Caks was especially involved with the Latvian school and sports group Auseklis, and these activities are detailed in meeting minutes and correspondence. Subseries 3 is comprised of church events, invitations and programs for concerts, art exhibitions, and theatre performances.
SUBSERIES 1. Latvian American activities - national
Subseries 1 is a general grouping of records having to do with national Latvian camps, celebrations, organizations and publications. The records include correspondence and promotional brochures for events such as the Latvian young adult cultural seminar “2x2”, Latvian song festivals, and Latvian youth festivals. Also in the arrangement are news clippings and pamphlets having to do with Latvia and Latvians in exile.
BOX 3.
FOLDER 9. Latvian Articles, n.d.
FOLDER 10. Divreizdivi, 1965 & 1980
FOLDER 11. Dziesmu Svetki, n.d.
FOLDER 12. Latvia, n.d.
FOLDER 13. Latvian Postcards and Pictures, n.d.
FOLDER 14. Latvian Communities in the United States, n.d.
FOLDER 15. Latvian Organization, n.d.
Education
FOLDER 16. Latvian Organization, n.d.
Political and Financial
FOLDER 17. Latvian Publicatins and Subscription Announcements, n.d.
FOLDER 18. Latviesu Filatelistu Vispasaules Apvieniba, n.d.
FOLDER 19. Latviesu Jaunatnes Svetki, 1959-1962
SUBSERIES 2. Milwaukee Latvian community
Subseries 2 is a record of Caks’ involvement with his local Milwaukee Latvian community. Caks was especially involved with the Latvian school and sports group Auseklis, and these activities are detailed in meeting minutes and correspondence.
BOX 3.
FOLDER 20. Latviesu Draudze, 1952-1967
FOLDER 21. Latviesu Penzionaru Biedriba Milvokos, 1967-1971
FOLDER 22. Latviesu Skola, 1960-1969
FOLDER 23. Sporta Kopa Auseklis, 1956-1971
FOLDER 24. Viskonsinas Latviesu Inzenieru Biedriba, 1964-1965
SUBSERIES 3. Cultural events
Subseries 3 is comprised of church events brochures, invitations and programs for concerts, art exhibitions, and theatre performances.
BOX 4.
FOLDER 1. Art Programs and Catalogues, n.d.
FOLDER 2. Church Programs, n.d.
FOLDER 3. Invitations, n.d.
English
FOLDER 4. Invitations, n.d.
Latvian
FOLDER 5. Programs, n.d.
Concert and Theater (English)
FOLDER 6. Programs, n.d.
Concert and Theater (German)
FOLDER 7. Programs, n.d.
Concert and Theater (Latvian)
FOLDER 8. Programs, n.d.
Miscellaneous (English)
FOLDER 9. Programs, n.d.
Miscellaneous (Latvian)
FOLDER 10. Programs and Invitations, n.d.
Kalamazoo and Chicago


SERIES 3. Political activities

The records in this series reflect, through correspondence and organization materials, Caks political activism, most of which took place in the mid to late 1960’s and primarily centered around the liberation of the Baltic States. The groups with which he was most involved were BATUN (Baltic Appeal to the United Nations) and the Assembly of Captive European Nations. Also in this series are pamphlets and brochures that protest communism and warn of its effects.
BOX 4.
FOLDER 11. Americans for Congressional Action to Free the Baltic States, 1966-1967
FOLDER 12. Assembly of Captive European Nations, 1966-1969
General
FOLDER 13. Assembly of Captive European Nations, 1961-1971
Captive Nations Week
FOLDER 14. Assembly of Captive European Nations, 1965-1968
Press Releases
BOX 5.
FOLDER 1. BATUN (Baltic Appeal to the United States), 1967-1970
General
FOLDER 2. BATUN (Baltic Appeal to the United States), 1967-1970
Press Releases
FOLDER 3. Brochures and Pamphlets, n.d.
Political
FOLDER 4. Congressional Records, 1951-1966
FOLDER 5. Latvian Legation, 1939-1966
FOLDER 6. Political Organizations
FOLDER 7. Political Protests and Letters


SERIES 4. Miscellany

This series consists primarily of newspaper clippings about Latvian activities and political issues.
BOX 5.
FOLDER 8. Newspaper Clippings
FOLDER 9. Miscellaneous Materials


SERIES 5. Oversize materials

These are posters advertising a 1977 scouting camp in New York, the 1966 Latvian “Dziesmu Dienas” (Song Days) at Garezers in Michigan, and a Latvian Cultural Festival in Milwaukee.
BOX 1.
FOLDER 1. Dziesmu Dienas Garezera 1966
Oversize Material
FOLDER 2. Skautu Nometne New York, 1977
Oversize Material
FOLDER 3. Latvian Cultural Festival" Milwaukee, n.d.
Oversize Material

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